The Bracha Rishona on Sushi is Mezonos, and the Bracha Acharona is Borei Nefashos.
Regarding the appropriate Bracha, the general rule for a dish with numerous ingredients is to make a Bracha on the primary ingredient (the Ikkar), and not to make a Bracha on the secondary ingredients (the Taffel). The varieties of maki have different names depending upon the filling, which is generally not considered by the consumer to be secondary to the rice. Irrespective of the filling, the food is known as sushi due to the rice; it appears that the rice is not secondary to the filling either. Furthermore, the filling and the rice are not cooked together, and remain distinct. Therefore, both the filling and rice are primary ingredients, and both necessitate a Bracha. For this reason, Rav Heinemann paskens that one should recite Mezonos on the rice, as well as the appropriate Bracha on the filling. The nori (seaweed) is secondary to the rice and other ingredients, and does not require a Bracha.
Blessed are You Hashem our God King of the universe, Who creates various types of foods.
Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech Haolam, Borei Minei Mezonos.
Blessed are You, Hashem our God, King of the universe, Who creates numerous living things with their deficiencies; for all that You have created with which to maintain the life of every being. Blessed is He, the life of the worlds.
Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech Haolam, Borei Nefashos Rabos V'chesronan Al Kol Ma Shebarasa L'hachayos Bahem Nefesh Kol Chai, Baruch Chei Haolamim.
ר' פנחס אליהו בן יעקב יוסף זצ"ל
ר' חיים יצחק בן דוד זצ"ל
In Memory Of