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Al Hamichya

Blessing after Special Foods

1. About this Bracha

Al Hamichya, also known as “Bracha M’ain Shalosh” is an abridged version of Birchas Hamazon, and incorporates elements from its first three Brachos. It is recited after consuming one of the five grains, special fruits, or wine.

There are three versions of this Bracha:

  1.  Al Hamichya is recited after eating foods prepared from the Chameshes Minei Dagan (five species of grain), wheat, barley, spelt, oats, rye – but not rice or bread. Anything that requires the Bracha Rishona of Mezonos, gets the Bracha Acharona of Al Hamichya. This Bracha is recited whether whether they are baked, fried or cooked, but it is not recited on whole roasted kernels. 1
  2. Al Hagefen is recited after drinking grape juice or wine. 2
  3. Al Haetz is recited after eating grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives and dates (fresh or dry) 3. These are the five special fruits with which the Land of Israel was blessed.

2. Special Additions

On שבת (Sabbath) and יום טוב (holidays) we make special additions to Al Hamichya before the words “כִּי אַתָּה ה’ טוֹב וּמֵטִיב”.

Sources

1. 208:2, 4 או”ח 

2. או”ח  208:11

3. או”ח 208:1

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